Objective

Objective of MEDPA is to develop micro enterprises for poverty alleviation and create employment as well as income source of Nepalese people of below poverty line.

As per objetive of programme to create opportunities and income source of poor people, following result will be achieved

  1. From the MEDPA programme will created 150 thousand direct employment at the rate of 30 thousand every year (Amoung the created employment, 50% will be women and 70% will be from member of community)
  2. Improvement will be closely observing on
    • Increase in micro enterprises establishment and operation
    • Scale upgrading of micro entrepreneurs
    • Accessibility of micro finances for micro entrepreneurs
    • Increase in utilizations of proper technology for running enterprises
    • Improvement in market linkage
  3. To improve the economic condition of micro entrepreneurs as well as include gender equality and social inclusion in the programme, we work with partners and also develop the capacity of our implementing partners. For that, following policy will be implemented:
  • Help to bring policies and environment in micro enterprise development to focus on poverty alleviation and social inclusion
  • Help implementing partners to keep harmonious relationship between them and encourage them to enable them to encourage people like poor, marginalized, hard core poor women, ethnic group people, people living with disability, muslim, madhesi and youth suffered from conflict to participate in the programme and become micro entrepreneurs.
  • Create micro entrepreneurs and help them to utilize resources such as Agriculture, forest and other natural resources, existing traditional skill, develop relations with micro finances and market linkage
  • Create value chain for micro entrepreneurs and set policies, work plan and monitoring mechanism to keep and improve the value chain for scale upgrade of micro entrepreneurs  

Target Group

When the programme set out to implement its activities in 1998, its target group and beneficiaries were clearly defined to specifically include those living below the country's poverty line. According to the National Living Standard Survey those whose per capital income was less than 4,404 according to market prices of 1995/1996 were classified as people below the poverty line. With the progression of time, the figure was adjusted to 6,400 according to market prices of 2003/2004. Likewise, rural women were a sub-sector of the poor target group and MEDEP set out with an objective to have at least 70% women participation in its programme. The selection of the target group was within the larger framework of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals to reduce poverty by half by 2015. However, with the country traversing through political instability and conflict, the scopes of the programme's target group broadened. To act as a catalyst in the country's peace and development process, new target groups were identified under the UNDP's Crisis Prevention and Recovery (CPR) initiative. In addition to those living below the poverty line and women, the programme identified its new beneficiaries as the following:

  • Hardcore poor families (those having annual income of less than Rs 4,404)
  • Poor scheduled caste (Dalit - there are 26 different scheduled castes in Nepal)
  • Poor Indigenous groups (there are 59 different indigenous groups of which 12 are ethnic minority groups among which 8 have been listed as endangered ethnic groups).
  • Differently Able (physically and mentally challenged)
  • Deprived Women (divorced women, women-headed households)